Subempleo sistemático de talento en la industria del fútbol

Pedro García-del-Barrio
Daniel Agüera Berisa
Javier Parra Molinero

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Publicado: dic 29, 2023
Resumen

El presente estudio se enmarca en el contexto de la industria de espectáculos deportivos, parte
del sector del entretenimiento. El talento deportivo, así como la visibilidad mediática que otorga
dicho talento, son activos valiosos y a menudo no replicables, que explotan los clubs de fútbol.
En este artículo, de naturaleza empírica, usamos una amplia base de datos de futbolistas
de las cinco grandes ligas domésticas de Europa, abarcando de la temporada 2014/2015
a la 2018/2019, ambas incluidas. Los resultados permiten corroborar – en sintonía con
trabajos precedentes – que los jugadores con mayor capacidad de atraer la atención de los
medios gozan de mayor valor de mercado y reciben más oportunidades de jugar, indicando
que los entrenadores valoran no sólo el rendimiento deportivo, sino también las implicaciones
mediáticas y económicas.
Entre los resultados, se constata que existe un subempleo sistemático de talento en la industria
de espectáculos futbolísticos, en tanto en cuanto las restricciones del sistema competitivo,
que limitan el número de jugadores y cambios por partido, impiden dar oportunidades de jugar
a algunos de los jugadores; situación que se acrecienta al concentrar demasiado talento en la
misma plantilla, con lo que se merma la capacidad global de proporcionar espectáculo.

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Palabras clave:
talento deportivo, visibilidad mediática, subempleo de recursos, fútbol profesional, industria de entretenimiento, rendimiento y retribución
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