La regulación de la innovación tecnológica en las ciudades: el caso de las plataformas digitales

Fernando Fernández-Monge


Publicado: jun 30, 2021

Las ciudades son fuente de innovación, y a su vez, su configuración y funcionamiento vienen determinadas por la innovación. Sin embargo, el rol de los gobiernos locales en la regulación de la innovación tecnológica no se ha estudiado sistemáticamente. El artículo presenta una primera aproximación a la literatura y ejemplos recientes para explorar cómo, dada la dimensión urbana de las nuevas tecnologías y los modelos de negocio de las plataformas digitales, los gobiernos locales tienen una influencia creciente en la regulación de la innovación tecnológica, con una capacidad, a su vez, de innovar en cómo se regulan estas actividades.


Palabras clave:
ciudades inteligentes, plataformas digitales, sandbox regulatorios

Aslam, A., & Shah, A. (2017). Taxation and the Peer-to-Peer Economy. IMF.

Blanksten, G. I. (1960). The Politics of Latin America. In G. A. Almond, & J. Smoot (eds.), The Politics of The Developing Areas (pp. 455-531). Princeton University Press.

Brown, T. E. (2019). Human Rights in the Smart City: Regulating Emerging Technologies in City Places. In L. Reins (ed.), Regulating New Technologies in Uncertain Times (pp. 47-65). T.M.C. Asser Press.

Caragliu, A., del Bo, C., & Nijkamp, P. (2011). Smart Cities in Europe. Journal of Urban Technology, 18(2), 65-82.

Clewlow, R., & Kulieke, S. (2017). Disruptive Transportation: The Adoption, Utilization, and Impacts of Ride-Hailing in the United States, 38.

COTEC Fundación (2019). Laboratorio de Políticas Públicas «Sandbox». Fundación COTEC para la Innovación.

Dark Matter Labs (2021). DM NOTE #1. Medium.

Davidson, N. M., & Infranca, J. J. (2015). The Sharing Economy as an Urban Phenomenon. Yale Law & Policy Review, 34, 215.

De Vries, H., Bekkers, V., & Tummers, L. (2016). Innovation in the Public Sector: A Systematic Review and Future Research Agenda. Public Administration, 94(1), 146-166.

Desouza, K. C., & Jacob, B. (2017). Big Data in the Public Sector: Lessons for Practitioners and Scholars. Administration & Society, 49(7), 1043-1064.

Duranton, G., & Puga, D. (2004). Micro-foundations of urban agglomeration economies. In Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, 4 (pp. 2063-2117). Elsevier.

Erhardt, G. D., Roy, S., Cooper, D., Sana, B., Chen, M., & Castiglione, J. (2019). Do transportation network companies decrease or increase congestion? Science Advances, 5(5), eaau2670.

Fernández-Monge, F. (2018). El Nuevo en la Ciudad. Politica Exterior, 32(183), 42-51.

Ferrie, J. P., & Troesken, W. (2008). Water and Chicago’s mortality transition, 1850-1925. Explorations in Economic History, 45(1), 1-16.

Forlano, L. (2013). Making Wawes: Urban Technology and the Coproduction of Place. First Monday, 18(11).

Gaspar, J., & Glaeser, E. L. (1996). Information Technology and the Future of Cities. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper No. 5562.

Glaeser, E. L., & Steinberg, B. M. (2017). Transforming cities: Does urbanization promote democratic change? Regional Studies, 51(1), 58-68.

Glaeser, E. L., & Sunstein, C. R. (2014, August 25). How to Deregulate Cities and States. Wall Street Journal, Eastern Edition, 25.

Goldsmith, S. (2019). Reforming Mobility Management. Data-Smart City Solutions.

Hollands, R. G. (2008). Will the real smart city please stand up? City, 12(3), 303-320.

Jacobs, J. (1961). The Death and Life of Great American Cities. Random House.

Jacobs, J. (1970). The Economy of Cities. Random House.

Kitchin, R. (2014). The real-time city? Big data and smart urbanism. GeoJournal, 79(1), 1-14.

Krugman, P. (1991). Increasing Returns and Economic Geography. Journal of Political Economy, 99(3), 483-499.

Marr, B. (2015, May). How big data and the internet of things create smarter cities. Forbes.

Marshall, A. (2013). Principles of Economics. Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Meijer, A., & Bolívar, M. P. R. (2016). Governing the smart city: A review of the literature on smart urban governance. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 82(2), 392-408.

Moretti, E. (2012). The New Geography of Jobs. Houghton Miffling Harcourt Publishing.

O’Brien, D. (2018). The Urban Commons: How Data and Technology Can Rebuild Our Communities. Harvard University Press.

Osborne, S. P., & Brown, K. (2005). Managing Change and Innovation in Public Service Organizations (1 edition). Routledge.

Rauch, D., & Schleicher, D. (2015). Like Uber, But for Local Governmental Policy: The Future of Local Regulation of the “Sharing Economy”. (SSRN Scholarly Paper ID 2549919). Social Science Research Network.

Sanseverino, E. R., Scaccianoce, G., Vaccaro, V., Carta, M., & Sanseverino, R. R. (2015). Smart Cities and Municipal Building Regulation for Energy Efficiency. International Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Information Systems, 6(4), 56-82.

Szreter, S., & Mooney, G. (1998). Urbanization, Mortality, and the Standard of Living Debate: New Estimates of the Expectation of Life at Birth in Nineteenth-century British Cities. The Economic History Review, 51(1), 84-112.

UK Office of Science (2015). Future of cities. GOV.UK.

White House (2016). Technology and the Future of Cities.

World Economic Forum (2017). Collaboration in Cities: From Sharing to ‘Sharing Economy’.